美味又养生,火锅词汇大全

Spring declares the great rejuvenation of nature from its wintry slumber. As the temperature picks up, animals and plants all start a new growth cycle - which offers the perfect window to nip the freshest ingredients to add some seasonal delights to your dining table.

到了国外

转自:今天的彩蛋将在一个吃火锅的流程中给大家介绍:

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春天宣告大自然从冬季的沉睡中苏醒过来。随着气温回升,动植物都开始了新的发育周期,所以春天也是摄入新鲜食物,为你的餐桌增添季节性趣味的最佳时机。

怎么能不吃火锅呢?

选了一家心仪的火锅店后,你要开始选择吃红锅(spicy hot pot),还是鸳鸯锅(double-flavor hot pot),或者清汤锅(mushroom soup pot)

水果类西红柿tomato;菠萝pineapple;西瓜watermelon;香蕉banana;柚子shaddock(pomelo);橙子orange;苹果apple;柠檬lemon;樱桃cherry;桃子peach;梨pear;枣Chinese date(去核枣pitted date);椰子coconut;草莓strawberry;树莓raspberry;蓝莓blueberry;黑莓blackberry;葡萄grape;甘蔗sugar cane;芒果mango;木瓜pawpaw或者papaya;杏子apricot;油桃nectarine;柿子persimmon;石榴pomegranate;榴莲durian;菠萝蜜jackfruit;槟榔果areca nut;西班牙产苦橙bitter orange;猕猴桃kiwi fruit or Chinese gooseberry;金橘cumquat;蟠桃flat peach;荔枝litchi;青梅greengage;山楂果haw;水蜜桃honey peach;香瓜、甜瓜musk melon;李子plum;杨梅waxberry red bayberry;桂圆longan;沙果crab apple;杨桃starfruit;枇杷loquat;柑橘tangerine;莲雾wax-apple;番石榴 guava

Since the quick weather transition may leave your body vulnerable to diseases like the flu, spring is also high time for you to recover vitality and have a healthy kick-start to 2018!

工具 equipment

当然,最后一个在四川的火锅中很少见,毕竟对我们来说,吃鸳鸯锅已经是最大的忍让了。

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尽管季节的快速交替可能使我们更易染上流感等疾病,但现在是时候恢复活力,在新的一年有个健康开端了!

便携式炉灶 portable burner

接下来要开始点菜:

肉、蔬菜类南瓜(倭瓜)pumpkin cushaw;甜玉米Sweet corn;牛肉beef;猪肉pork;羊肉mutton;羔羊肉lamb;鸡肉chicken;生菜、莴苣lettuce;白菜Chinese cabbage(celery cabbage);甘蓝、卷心菜cabbage;萝卜radish;胡萝卜carrot;韭菜leek;木耳agarics;豌豆pea;马铃薯(土豆)potato;黄瓜cucumber;苦瓜balsam pear;秋葵okra;洋葱onion;芹菜celery;芹菜杆celery sticks;地瓜sweet potato;蘑菇mushroom;橄榄olive;菠菜spinach;冬瓜(Chinese)wax gourd;莲藕lotus root;紫菜laver;油菜cole rape;茄子eggplant;香菜caraway;枇杷loquat;青椒green pepper;四季豆、青刀豆garden bean;银耳silvery fungi;腱子肉tendon;肘子pork joint;茴香fennel(茴香油fennel oil 药用);鲤鱼carp;咸猪肉bacon;金针蘑needle mushroom;扁豆lentil;槟榔areca;牛蒡great burdock;水萝卜summer radish;竹笋bamboo shoot;艾蒿Chinese mugwort;绿豆mung bean;毛豆green soy bean;瘦肉lean meat;肥肉speck;黄花菜day lily(day lily bud);豆芽菜bean sprout;丝瓜towel gourd (注:在美国丝瓜或用来做丝瓜茎loofah洗澡的,不是食用的)

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电磁炉 induction cooker

肉类,我一般会点: 肥牛(beef),麻辣牛肉(spicy beef),毛肚(tripes),鸭肠(duck intestine), 鹌鹑蛋(quail eggs),撒尿牛丸(juicy beef balls),虾滑(shrimp balls),羊肉卷(sliced mutton),耗儿鱼(corydoras),哦,对了,不能少了酥肉(crispy pork)。

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  1. Spring bamboo shoots春笋

筷子 chopsticks

荤菜点了这么多,来点素菜吧:藕(lotus root),海带(seaweed),土豆片(sliced potato),金针菇(needle mushroom),生菜(lettuce),脆豆腐(crispy tofu),香菇(shiitake mushroom),冬瓜片(sliced wax gourd),山药(Chinese yam),鲜竹笋(fresh bamboo shoots),青笋(endive sprout)~

海鲜类虾仁Peeled Prawns;龙虾lobster;小龙虾crayfish;蟹crab;蟹足crab claws;小虾shrimp;对虾、大虾prawn;(烤)鱿鱼(toast)squid;海参sea cucumber;扇贝scallop;鲍鱼sea-ear abalone;小贝肉cockles;牡蛎oyster;鱼鳞scale;海蜇jellyfish;鳖、海龟turtle;蚬、蛤clam;鲅鱼culter;鲳鱼butterfish;虾籽shrimp egg;鲢鱼、银鲤鱼chub silver carp;黄花鱼yellow croaker

Bamboo shoots are rich in various amino acids, vitamins and inorganic salts. Braising them with pork or shrimp brings out the best flavor of this seasonal delicacy.

小漏勺 small strainers

最后,决定要什么蘸碟,加什么蘸料:香油(sesame oil ),耗油(oyster sauce),大蒜(garlic),葱花(scallion),醋(vinegar),香菜(coriander),辣椒酱(chili sauce)。

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竹笋富含氨基酸、维生素和无机盐。竹笋烧肉或者竹笋烧虾都是春季最美味的佳肴。

浅碗 shallow bowl

吃完以后觉得还没有饱,可以再来一个蛋炒饭(fried rice with eggs),满足。

调料类醋vinegar 酱油soy 盐salt 加碘盐iodized salt 糖sugar 白糖refined sugar 酱soy sauce 沙拉salad 辣椒hot(red)pepper 胡椒(black)pepper 花椒wild pepper Chinese prickly ash powder 色拉油salad oil 调料fixing sauce seasoning 砂糖granulated sugar 红糖brown sugar 冰糖Rock Sugar 芝麻Sesame 芝麻酱Sesame paste 芝麻油Sesame oil 咖喱粉curry 番茄酱(汁)ketchup redeye 辣根horseradish 葱shallot (Spring onions) 姜ginger 蒜garlic 料酒cooking wine 蚝油oyster sauce 枸杞(枇杷,欧查果 )medlar 八角aniseed 酵母粉yeast barm Yellow pepper 黄椒 肉桂cinnamon (在美国十分受欢迎,很多事物都有肉桂料) 黄油butter 香草精vanilla extract(甜点必备) 面粉flour 洋葱onion

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火锅锅底 soup base

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  1. Chinese yam山药

清汤锅 plain broth

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主食类三文治sandwich 米饭rice 粥congee (rice soup) 汤soup 饺子dumpling 面条noodle 比萨饼pizza 方便面instant noodle 香肠sausage 面包bread 黄油(白塔油)butter 茶叶蛋Tea eggs 油菜rape 饼干cookies 咸菜(泡菜)pickle 馒头steamed bread 饼(蛋糕)cake 汉堡hamburger 火腿ham 奶酪cheese 馄饨皮wonton skin 高筋面粉Strong flour 小麦wheat 大麦barley 青稞highland barley 高粱broomcorn (kaoliang )春卷Spring rolls 芋头Taro 山药yam 鱼翅shark fin 黄花daylily 松花蛋 皮蛋preserved eggs 春卷spring roll 肉馅饼minced pie 糙米Brown rice 玉米corn 馅儿stuffing 开胃菜appetizer 面粉flour 燕麦oat 白薯 甘薯sweet potato牛排steak 里脊肉fillet 凉粉bean jelly 糯米 江米sticky ricerice 燕窝bird‘s nest 粟Chinese corn 肉丸子meat balls 枳橙citrange 点心(中式)dim sum 淀粉starch 蛋挞egg tart 想学习更多英语知识,请关注学英语口语xuekouyu123

Steamed, stir-fried or put into gruel, Chinese yam is always the key to a healthy meal.

麻辣锅 spicy broth

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不管是蒸山药、炒山药还是熬山药粥,山药都是很重要的一道健康美食。

鸳鸯锅 double-flavor hot pot

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干果类腰果Cashew nuts 花生peanut 无花果fig 榛子filbert hazel 栗子chestnut 核桃walnut 杏仁almond 果脯preserved fruit 芋头taro 葡萄干raisin cordial 开心果pistachion 巴西果brazil nut 菱角,荸荠water chestnut (和国内食用法不同,做坚果食用)

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菌汤锅 mushroom soup pot

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  1. Strawberries草莓

微辣 mildly spicy

酒水类红酒red wine 白酒white wine 白兰地brandy 葡萄酒sherry 汽水(软饮料) soda (盐)汽水sparkling water 果汁juice 冰棒Ice-lolly 啤酒beer 酸奶yoghurt 伏特加酒vodka 鸡尾酒cocktail 豆奶soy milk 豆浆soybean milk 七喜7 UP 麒麟(日本啤酒kirin) 凉开水cold boiled water 汉斯啤酒Hans beer 浓缩果汁concentrated juice 冰镇啤酒iced(chilled ) beer 札幌(日本啤酒)Sapporo 爱尔啤酒(美国)ale A级牛奶grand A milk 班图酒bantu beer 半干雪利dry sark 参水牛奶blue milk 日本粗茶bancha 生啤酒draft beer 白啤酒white beer <苏格兰>大麦酒barley-bree 咖啡伴侣coffee mate

Fresh strawberries contain tannic acid, which is anti-toxic and are said to have cancer-fighting properties. In addition, strawberries are said to help protect your body from blood diseases.

中辣 moderately spicy

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新鲜的草莓富含鞣酸,有抗毒功效,据称还含有防癌物质。此外,吃草莓还可以防止人们患上血液病。

特辣 very spicy

零食类薄荷糖cracker饼干, biscuit饼干, 棒棒糖bonbon 茶tea (沏茶make the tea) 话梅prune candied plum 锅巴rice crust 瓜子melon seed 冰棒(冰果)ice(frozen)sucker 冰淇凌ice cream 防腐剂preservative 圣代冰淇淋sundae 巧克力豆marble chocolate barley 布丁pudding

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调味料 seasoning

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  1. Leeks韭菜

蘸酱 dipping sauce

中餐薄荷糖cracker饼干, biscuit饼干, 棒棒糖bonbon 茶tea (沏茶make the tea) 话梅prune candied plum 锅巴rice crust 瓜子melon seed 冰棒(冰果)ice(frozen)sucker 冰淇凌ice cream 防腐剂preservative 圣代冰淇淋sundae 巧克力豆marble chocolate barley 布丁pudding烧饼 Clay oven rolls 油条 Fried bread stick 韭菜盒 Fried leek dumplings 水饺Boiled dumplings 蒸饺 Steamed dumplings 馒头 Steamed buns 割包 Steamed sandwich 饭团 Rice and vegetable roll 蛋饼 Egg cakes 皮蛋 100-year egg 咸鸭蛋 Salted duck egg 豆浆 Soybean milk饭类稀饭Rice porridge 白饭 Plain white rice 油饭 Glutinous oil rice 糯米饭 Glutinous rice 卤肉饭 Braised pork rice 蛋炒饭 Fried rice with egg 地瓜粥 Sweet potato congee客饭 curry rice 咖喱饭fried rice 炒饭 plain rice 白饭 crispy rice面类馄饨面 Wonton & noodles 刀削面 Sliced noodles 麻辣面Spicy hot noodles麻酱面 Sesame paste noodles 鴨肉面 Duck with noodles 鱔魚面 Eel noodles 乌龙面 Seafood noodles 榨菜肉丝面 Pork , pickled mustard green noodles 牡蛎细面 Oyster thin noodles 板条 Flat noodles 米粉 Rice noodles 炒米粉 Fried rice noodles 冬粉Green bean noodle汤类鱼丸汤 Fish ball soup 貢丸汤 Meat ball soup 蛋花汤Egg drop soup蛤蜊汤 Clams soup 牡蛎汤 Oyster soup 紫菜汤 Seaweed soup 酸辣汤 Sweet & sour soup 馄饨汤 Wonton soup 猪肠汤 Pork intestine soup 肉羹汤 Pork thick soup 鱿鱼汤 Squid soup 花枝羹 Squid thick soup

Spring leeks are the most tender and delicious of the year. TCM says that eating this fragrant vegetable can strengthen the spleen and nourish the stomach.

芝麻酱 sesame paste

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春韭是一年中最嫩最美味的佳肴。中医认为,吃春韭可以健脾养胃。

海鲜酱 hoisin sauce

西餐与日料French cuisine法国菜 today‘s special 今日特餐 chef’s special 主厨特餐 buffet 自助餐 fast food 快餐 specialty 招牌菜 continental cuisine 欧式西餐 aperitif 饭前酒 dim sum 点心 French fires炸薯条baked potato烘马铃薯 mashed potatoes马铃薯泥omelette 简蛋卷 pudding 布丁 pastries 甜点 pickled vegetables 泡菜 kimchi 韩国泡菜 crab meat 蟹肉 prawn 明虾 conch 海螺 escargots 田螺braised beef 炖牛肉 bacon 熏肉 poached egg 荷包蛋 sunny side up 煎一面荷包蛋 over 煎两面荷包蛋 fried egg 煎蛋over easy 煎半熟蛋 over hard 煎全熟蛋 scramble eggs 炒蛋boiled egg 煮蛋 stone fire pot 石头火锅 sashi 日本竹筷 sake 日本米酒miso shiru 味噌汤 roast meat 铁板烤肉 sashimi 生鱼片 butter 奶油

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辣椒酱 chili sauce

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  1. Honey蜂蜜

超级辣酱 tabasco sauce

On dry and windy spring days, adding honey to your lemon tea creates an ideal detox drink. Have one spoon of honey every day and night, and keep the flu away.

花生酱 peanut sauce

干燥多风的春季,在柠檬茶里加些蜂蜜就是一杯完美的排毒茶。每天早晚喝一勺蜂蜜还可以防感冒。

豆腐乳 fermented bean curd

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老干妈 Lao Gan Ma Chili Black Bean Sauce

  1. Soybean sprouts黄豆芽

豆豉 fermented black soybean

Soybean sprouts are a perfect source for Vitamin B2 and dietary fiber.

酱油 soy sauce

黄豆芽富含维生素B2和膳食纤维。

生抽 light soy sauce

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醋 vinegar

  1. Red dates红枣

料酒 rice wine

Traditional Chinese medicine recommends more sweet and less sour foods during spring. Red date proves to be very efficient in nourishing the blood and avoiding drowsiness.

蚝油 oyster sauce

中医建议人们春季多吃甜少吃酸。人们已经证实了红枣的补血和防困功效。

大蒜 garlic

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生姜 ginger

  1. Duck鸭肉

葱花 chopped scallions

Instead of mutton or beef, meats like duck, chicken and fish are said to be better suited for springtime. Enjoy some homemade duck soup or even better, go to a restaurant with friends and order a Peking duck!

香菜 coriander

比起牛羊肉,春季更适合吃鸭肉、鸡肉和鱼肉。自己煮鸭羹,或者和朋友们去饭店吃北京烤鸭吧!

青椒 green pepper

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红辣椒 chilli

  1. Shepherd's purse荠菜

蔬菜 vegetable

As an edible wild herb widely spread across China, shepherd's purse is the signature of spring. According to TCM, it can fight against stomach cancer and improve gastrointestinal motility.

白菜 Chinese cabbage

荠菜是中国常见的一种野菜,也是春季的象征。据中医介绍,荠菜可以抗胃癌并改善肠胃蠕动。

空心菜 water spinach

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油麦菜/生菜 lettuce

  1. Turnip萝卜

茼蒿 crown daisy

Turnip soup with pork rib, carrot and Chinese wolfberry helps to increase the appetite and nourish the blood.

菠菜 spinach

炖猪排萝卜汤时加入胡萝卜和枸杞可以开胃补血。

韭菜 Chinese chive/leek

韭黄 leek shoot

冬瓜 white gourd

青笋 endive sprout

豆芽 bean sprout

黄瓜 cucumber

西兰花 broccoli

花菜 cauliflower

白萝卜 white radish

土豆 potato

山药 Chinese yam

莲藕 lotus root

胡萝卜 carrot

木耳 agaric fungus

海带 seaweed

香菇 shiitake mushrooms

野山菌 wild edible fungi

平菇 oyster mushrooms

金针菇 golden mushrooms

豆腐 tofu

油豆腐 fried bean curd puff

油面筋 fried gluten puff

粉条 starch noodles

肉类 meat

羊肉卷 sliced mutton

肥牛 beef

牛百叶 omasum

牛蹄筋 beef tendons

毛肚 tripes

脑花 brain

鸭血 duck blood curd

鸭舌 duck tongue

鸭肠 duck intestine

鹅肠 goose intestine

鹌鹑蛋 quail eggs

鸡脯肉 fresh grade breast

海鲜 seafood

鱼头 fish head

鳝鱼片 eel slice

墨鱼仔 cuttlefish

蟹肉 crab

大虾 prawn

龙虾 lobster

小龙虾 crawfish

扇贝 scallop

鲍鱼 abalone

蛤 clam

肉丸 meatball

虾丸 shrimp meatballs

撒尿牛丸 juicy beef balls

牛肉丸 beef meatballs

猪肉丸 pork meatballs

脆皮肠 crispy intestine

香肠 sausage

鱼丸 fish balls

午餐肉 luncheon meat或spam

主食 staple

玉米 corn

牛肉饺 beef dumplings

猪肉饺 pork dumplings

虾米饺 shrimp dumplings

龙须面 fine noodles

小吃 snacks

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